Truck drivers usually go on round-the-clock trips. Because of this, it’s essential to have a fully functional air conditioning system that will provide comfort and convenience on your rides. In this blog, we’ll explore how an AC condenser works in a semi truck and how to ensure its optimal functionality. 

What Is an AC Condenser?

An AC condenser is part of an automobile’s AC system, which transforms gas-based refrigerants into liquid-based ones through condensation. This condensation process produces a cold liquid, which is then vaporized as cold air. This cold air is blown out of the vents by the AC fans.

sample-AC-condenser

Sample of an AC condenser

Since an AC condenser plays an essential role in your AC system, it’s imperative to give extra attention to it. This is especially true for semi truck drivers, who are used to riding through harsh weather conditions. A faulty condenser might cause the refrigerant to leak, which may damage the entire AC system.

How Does an AC Condenser Work on Semi Trucks?

The AC condenser reduces the temperature of the heated refrigerant by transferring its heat to the flow of air passing through it. The AC system of vehicles produces cold air by manipulating the temperature and pressure of the refrigerant.

To further understand how the AC condenser functions, here’s a step-by-step process on how the refrigerant flows through the AC system:

  1. AC Compressor – When the refrigerant enters the AC system, the AC compressor transforms the refrigerant to gas by exerting high pressure.
  2. AC Condenser – The gaseous refrigerant is moved to the AC condenser. The AC condenser cools down the refrigerant by transferring the heat to the air around it. Once the refrigerant cools down, it’s transformed into a cold liquid.
  3. AC Evaporator – The cold liquid refrigerant is then vaporized in the AC evaporator. 
  4. AC Vents – The vaporized refrigerant is then dispersed by the AC blower fan, which allows cold air to fill the semi truck cabin.

Here’s a diagram from Ariazone’s automotive air conditioning training manual that shows how an AC condenser works on a semi truck:

diagram-of-an-AC-system

Diagram of an AC system. (Source: Ariazone)

Where Can You Find the AC Condenser?

Like the AC compressor, the AC condenser is located on the car’s front engine. It’s usually exposed to outside air, so it can maintain an optimally low temperature while functioning. This strategic location allows it to cool down the refrigerant.

ac-condenser-truck

Sample of an AC condenser in a truck. (Source)

For most commercial vehicles like semi trucks, the AC condenser is placed between the radiator and the front bumper. Despite its position being exposed to open air, accessing it may be challenging without removing other engine parts. For this reason, it’s best to get professional installation services when replacing your AC condenser.

What Are the Common Reasons for AC Condenser Failure?

AC condenser is prone to damages caused by corrosion, stuck debris, dirty coil, worn down fans, and refrigerant leaks. To understand how to maintain the optimal functionality of your AC condenser, let’s take a look at each of these factors:

  • Corrosion – Your AC condenser corrodes due to exposure to water, moisture, and the build-up of other caustic chemicals. While you can slow down this corrosion process through proper maintenance, your AC condenser may still lose its efficiency due to continuous use.
  • Stuck Debris – As mentioned earlier, the AC condenser is exposed to open air on the truck’s engine, making it exposed to road dirt and debris. Excessive dirt can hinder the process of condensation, reducing the efficiency of the heat transfer within the AC system. Aside from this, broken metal parts on the engine can also be blown off to the AC condenser, which may block or clog the fan.
  • Dirty Coil – Condenser coils are used to take the heat from the refrigerant and release it outside the AC system. These dirty coils can attract dirt on the road, which may result in the AC system overheating. This is why regular cleaning is essential. A water and vinegar solution may work for regular maintenance, but if you see any sign of corrosion, it’s best to contact professional service providers.
  • Faulty AC Condenser Fan – The AC condenser fan produces air, which absorbs the heat from the refrigerant. Just like any fans, the condenser blades might get stuck or bent, their motors might fail, and their capacitors may break down due to continuous use. 
  • Refrigerant Leak – A refrigerant leak may damage almost all parts of the AC system, including the AC condenser. Some AC issues may not be resolved through DIY repairs and may require the replacement of crucial AC parts.

What Are the Common Signs of a Damaged AC Condenser?

A damaged AC condenser may be identified by warm air released from the vents, a burning smell in the cabin, leaking refrigerant, and engine overheating. Let’s dive into each of these signs:

damaged-ac-condenser

Damaged AC condenser. (Source)

  • Warm Air from the Vents – When the vent releases warm air, it’s usually caused by numerous part failures within the AC system. One of the possible causes is a damaged AC condenser. When an AC condenser can’t lower the temperature of the refrigerant, it may not be able to produce the cold air needed to be dispersed by the AC blower.
  • Burning Smell in the Cabin –  When the refrigerant remains in its heated, gaseous state, it may bring an unusual burning smell to the cabin. Worse, the heated refrigerant might burn other parts of the AC system. When this happens, refrain from using your semi truck, as the AC system might catch fire.
  • Refrigerant Leak – Checking your AC condenser regularly is essential. When you spot a green liquid around the condenser and the radiator, it may indicate a refrigerant leak. While the AC system may still be able to release cold air despite the leak, it’s best to have your AC condenser checked when this happens.
  • Overheating While Idling – Semi truck drivers need to go on idle to use their HVAC when resting. However, prolonged idling may cause damage to your AC condenser. While this problem is less common than the others, it usually happens to old semi truck units.

How Can You Maintain Your AC Condenser Properly?

You can ensure the optimal functionality of your AC condenser by regularly cleaning your engine, monitoring your AC system, replacing your old AC condenser, and getting a premium HVAC box. Here’s a quick guide on how to do these:

1. Clean Your Condenser

As mentioned, an AC condenser catches dust and debris from the road, and a dirty AC condenser may fail to manipulate the refrigerant. Cleaning your condenser will help air to flow through the condenser properly.

2. Monitor Your AC System Regularly

Ensure that you check your AC system after long rides. Check the AC condenser for a possible refrigerant leak, check the vents if it releases warm air, and monitor if there’s a burning smell inside your cab. Don’t wait for your dashboard to display an AC warning before having your semi truck checked for a faulty AC system.

3. Replace an Old AC Condenser

Like other vehicle parts, old AC condensers are more prone to damage. When upgrading your semi truck, it’s best to include the replacement of your old AC condenser to ensure the optimal functionality of your AC system. Find an AC condenser made of premium materials that can withstand harsh road conditions.

premium-after-market-AC-condenser

Premium after-market AC condenser

Maintain an Optimal Uptime for Your Semi Truck 

A non functionaing AC condenser means more downtown for your truck. Typically, AC problems begin to show up when you need it the most such as 90 degree plus weather. If you are need of a condenser, reach out to us as we are beginning to grow our inventory of AC condensers.

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